A first direct conclusion is that Spanish tourists spend more than what they bring when they visit Britain, for example, even though they outnumber us.
On the other hand, it seems that we should promote tourism from the US, Switzerland or from China because the average daily spending clearly exceeds that of other origins, but would have to see if an increase of visitors from those countries would not decrease its average expenditure .
In any case, in terms of efficiency, it appears that if the Spanish tourist on average visitor is better than the average tourist who comes to Spain, at least in spending that takes place, perhaps worthwhile promote domestic tourism to the detriment of whose origin countries with lower average spending per tourist (France, Belgium and the Netherlands).
The social cost of tourism and tourist tax
In view of the above data, and the realization that Spain receives in a year more tourists to the country and people have not shared equally in either the territory or time, one wonders about the cost that represents such invasion places where concentrated.
In addition to the need to develop infrastructure to conveniently accommodate so many tourists, the management of waste and cleaning and public order require budget, the absence of such tourism would probably have other destinations.
Despite the initial rejection of the tourism sector to tax at a rate overnight stays, it seems that its introduction, at least in Catalunya, has affected the number of visitors or the business they generate.
According to data from the General Directorate of Tourism of the Generalitat de Catalunya, in 2014 nearly 41 million euros for this concept, more than half in the city of Barcelona was raised. The hotel industry raised nearly 80% of the fee. The average amount per tourist in 2014 was 2.43 €, which certainly does not have to assume due to decrease tourism for the introduction of that rate.
By extrapolation, apply a similar total number of tourists who visited Spain in 2014, average rate would mean a revenue of about 158 million euros, equivalent to the average annual investment in commuter rail network in Catalonia between 2008 and 2011 according to the Government of Spain; network which incidentally used many tourists to move between Barcelona and coastal destinations near the capital.
However, the application of the proceeds from the tourist tax to improve public services that impact on tourism and normally financed by taxes of citizens living, can have an impact that the social cost minore tourism, especially in the areas of greatest agglomeration and infrastructure and overhead areas, such as coastal areas and big cities.
In short, tourism contributes to Spanish GDP with about 10% between direct and indirect impact, which is certainly a positive factor for the Spanish economy, low hours, but it should not be magnified because of their high volatility and externalities entails. In Spain, the creation of stable employment is a priority and the tourism sector employs just over 2 million people, of which 1.7 are salaried.